tv BBC World News WHUT August 13, 2013 7:00am-7:30am EDT
lift the lives of the people of the middle east. characterized in earlier stages has largely disappeared. the talk these days is more about the danger of breakdown than the hopes of breakthrough. >> how is it going? >> in the past, israel released palestinian prisoners at key stages of the negotiations. around 4000 of them in the mid- 1990s. now it is doing the same thing again on a much smaller scale. one of the men released back then was charged with ordering the killing of an israeli informant and he says it is a necessary step to build peace. there is always a price for war. when people are killed, there is bloodshed. there is also a price for peace. those who speak about free peace and coexistence should be ready to pay the price. >> i miss him very much grade >>
for the families of israeli victims, the release opens up old wounds. he was abducted by palestinians when he was 18, tied up, and then stabbed to death. he says his killers should be freed only for a peace deal, not just for the start of peace talks. , they havemy parents family, they have children and grandchildren, but inside the second it happened, they are dead. do not let them go out. do not let them educate another generation of terrorists. please, i'm begging for our government. do not let them out. in disputed territories like jerusalem, it is easier to see the problems than the opportunities. wall here is israel's barrier that separates it from the palestinians. -- willks talk willis
establish if the two sides have the will to overcome the issues that divide them. kevin connolly, bbc news, jerusalem. one of the oslo peace process initiators and former israeli justice minister. he joins me from jerusalem. thank you very much for joining us on gmt today. the announcement of more settler homes, this could well inflame tensions ahead of the peace talks. do you think this was the intention? >> i do not know whether the intention is to inflame the situation, but it shows very much about the occupation of the current israeli government. it is not by accident that the netanyahu administration prefers to release prisoners rather than to commit himself to the 1967 borders as a reference point for the next the gauche nations on the permanent solution.
they decided this date to build more housing units, and it shows very much about his intentions. this is his ideology. he is a very hawkish leader of israel. he has a very hawkish coalition, which created prospects for success. >> there is also the suggestion that israel has made the talks almost a smokescreen to build more settlements. what do you make of that accusation? >> actually, what you could say government,rightist which opposed the oslo agreement 20 years ago, are those who are keeping the oslo agreement, as much as they can, because according to those there, there is no need to put an end to settlements while we are
negotiating. they do have already this smokescreen or this umbrella to continue the settlements. the point here is that netanyahu apparently agreed to negotiations because of the insistence of secretary kerry, who made it his baby. he came to the region six times and convince both sides successfully to negotiate. i am very worried that in eight and a half months from now, the situation might deteriorate if there is a failure. it should not fail. big venture. >> the president -- the presence of secretary kerry might add to the pressure in a positive way, perhaps, because they have made that they will be here for the establishment of the talks
and for the nine months? >> no question without the presence of kerry nothing would have happened. the point is the following -- it is possible for the americans to bring the two parties together, or to have some influence. it is impossible for the americans to impose on the parties a permanent agreement. they never did that. what i am saying to the parties, but to strive for several weeks -- let us try for several weeks to see if there's any opening to see if there is a permanent agreement, which we all know would be based on the clinton parameters of 2000 or the geneva initiative of 2003. either there is no chance to get their -- the americans should be the first to say, hold your horses, let's go for something else which is a gradual agreement, because we know that
there is no chance to bridge the gaps. i think that the worst thing would be a press conference in eight and a half months in which the three parties are saying, we tried our best and failed. >> just briefly, in eight and a half months, in an ideal world, what would you look to see come out of these talks? >> had it been up to me, i would have signed an agreement with mahmoud abbas on all the issues -- it is a myth that we cannot bridge the gap. we can. it is in the interest of the two sides. the implementation of the permanent agreement could be only in the west bank now, because i do not see gaza or hamas joining a permanent agreement. i am afraid that this will not be the case when it netanyahu and his coalition are leading israel. >> very good to speak to you,
thank you very much for your thoughts. to a seniork palestinian representative soon. she will give us her views on the upcoming talks. u.s. news, crime in the may be at a 40 year low, but it still has one of the biggest prison populations in the world. sweeping changes to the justice system have been put in place. intended to drastically reduce america's bulging prison population. averell prosecutors have been told to stop handing out mandatory prison sentences for nonviolent drug offenders. the move could save the u.s. billions of dollars a year, as jane little reports from washington. >> america's prisons are overflowing. are in california, gyms turned into dormitories as the prison system struggles to cope. the numbers are striking. almost 1% of the adult population in the u.s. is in
prison, and close to half of all inmates are serving time for drug-related offenses. taxpayerit cost the $80 billion. it is a legacy of the five decades long war on drugs, which enforced mandatory minimum sentences for even low level drug crimes. the attorney wants to change that. >> a vicious cycle of poverty, criminality, and incarceration traps too many americans and weakens too many communities. of our criminal justice system may exacerbate these problems rather than alleviate them. >> the prison population is disproportionately black and hispanic. the attorney dale general -- attorney general said it is people of color who often face harsher punishments than their periods. he wants to give judges greater discretion over sentencing to diverge some nonviolent drug offenders into treatment programs rather than prisons.
many states are already shifting funds away from prison building towards rehab centers, and some are red states such as texas. critics say these measures are futile, that they will not significantly reduce overcrowding, but the administration has clearly signaled a start to the process, as well as an end to the tough era that categorized the war on drugs. jane little, bbc news, washington. >> other news, at least 44 people have been killed at a mosque in the northeast of nigeria. it is believed the attackers were members of the islamist group boko haram. they opened fire during prayers. boko haram frequently kills christians in northern nigeria, but the group has also attacked mosques in the past. rescuers are treating a group of 20 condors which were found poisoned in the chilean andes. the birds have a wingspan of anything up to from 3 -- up to
three meters. to have died. it is thought they may have eaten poisoned carcasses or drunk water contaminated with an sex a guide -- insecticide. goldtine ohuruogu has one in the 400 meter world and moscow. it took a photo finish to establish that she was one -- that she had won by just for thousands of a second. toew british record went christine ohuruogu . two young british women arrested on suspicion of drug smuggling in peru say that they were forced to carry the cocaine that was discovered in their luggage. michaela connolly and melissa reid were stuck in lima last tuesday. michaela mccollum on the left was arrested in lima on tuesday last week, along with melissa
reid, who is 19 and from your glass cap. they were about to board a flight to madrid. the national police of peru have released video footage of the two women being questioned. officers say they found 12 kilos of cocaine, worth around 1.5 million pounds, hidden in food in their luggage. melissa reid said she did not know what she was carrying. >> i was forced to take these bags in my luggage. >> did you know it contained drugs? >> i did not know that. >> the women are being held in a jail on the outskirts of lima. conditions are said to be poor. peruvian authorities say they believe that women may have been working as drug couriers from south america to europe. peru is now the world's biggest exporter of cocaine. last year alone, 248 allegedly mules were arrested -- alleged drug mules were arrested trying
to smuggle out a total of 1600 kilos of class a drugs. if found guilty, the two women could face up to 25 years in jail, but they face a potentially long time in custody. it could be another year before their case goes to trial. felipe young, bbc news. >> stay with us on bbc news. there is plenty to come. clinton number three. the youngest of the dynasty explains why she has traded wall street for rwanda. >> i did not ultimately want to denominate my life in dollars. i wanted to denominate my life in the number of lives i could help. >> tens of thousands of people have been left homeless in the ine of typhoon -- a typhoon the philippines. two people have been confirmed dead and several others are still missing. emily thomas has more. >> the typhoon tearing homes
apart. now the efforts to put them back together. worst-hit, neighboring coastal towns northeast of the capital manila. trees were uprooted, power lines tangled, houses flattened. villager teresa sanchez says she saw her house shaking like it was being lifted up. her family hurried to take shelter in a bigger house. not everyone was so lucky. many people are still missing. this woman struggles against the raging waters. now, but her fate is unknown. manila escaped the path of the storm. the flooding wasn't too expensive here. ,chools were still closed precautionary measures have become standard after the high death tolls of storms in recent years.
about 20 typhoons hit the philippines every year, and people are resigned to them. but this is the largest yet. the cleanup will be a challenge. this typhoon is being described as the most powerful storm to have formed globally so far this year. it has packed sustained winds of 175 kilometers an hour. it is now moving on. the worst for the philippines is now over. the typhoon has accelerated and intensified slightly as it moves into the south china sea. it is forecast to make landfall in china on wednesday. the people here are now left to count the costs and repair the damage great emily thomas, bbc news. -- damage. emily thomas, bbc news. a former u.s. president bill clinton and his daughter chelsea have just completed a tour of several african countries. including tanzania, zanzibar,
and were wanted. they were visiting projects where the clinton foundation works to improve healthcare and strengthen the local economy. , ledoux more caught up with chelsea in rwanda where the charity is sponsoring a project to provide clean water. as the foundation expands its footprint and influence in africa, another clinton is taking up a bigger role. chelsea clinton sits on the foundation's board, and at this project backed by world vision and procter & gamble in rwanda. it demonstrates how simple interventions can provide clean water in poor communities. >> i think the metric of success in your life really matters. as much as i love solving a worked onnd when i wall street, seeing that i was right in an investment idea, i do not ultimately want to denominate my life in dollars. i wanted to denominate my life
in the number of lives i could help save or help you become healthier or the number of people i could help empower to leave their own lives. -- lead their own lives. >> you have become an influential political dynasty. why not make that choice as opposed to pursuing this? >> right now i feel very much called to participate in nonprofits. i also am grateful to live in the city and the state and the country where i really believe in my elected representatives. andver one of those changed i thought that i could make more of a difference in the public sector, or if i no longer lived in the city or state or country where i really believed in both the ethics and competence of my political leaders, then i would have to ask myself honestly whether or not that would be a better path. >> chelsea clinton speaking to our correspondent. you can hear more about the time he spent with the clintons
brought the day. in egypt, the countries coptic christians feel -- fear further backlash from muslim extremists. since mohamed morsi was ousted, christians have been targeted. esther, 10-year-old christian girl was shot dead on her way home from church. from cairo, caroline wyatt reports. changedmother's life forever last tuesday. her only child, 10-year-old jesse, was shot dead as she walked home from church in cairo. her daughter was just becoming a young woman. she will miss her calling her mum. phoebe and her own -- and her husband believe that jesse was targeted because she was a christian.
>> jesse was everything to us. the killers did not know that jesse was my life. my future. i lived for her. i am telling you in the west that your taxes and government aid to go towards supporting the killing here by funding the islamist political parties. muslims and christians stood together in tahrir square. blamed islamists have the coptic christian community for removing morsi from power. coptic and other christians make up 10% of the egyptian population. that is over 8 million people. they are feeling increasingly vulnerable. jesse is one of seven christians killed in the last few months. churches, homes, and other
properties have also been targeted. many christians have left already, hostile messages written on church walls. this church is luckier than some. many have been burnt down. >> up until now, we have everyday sectarian problems. burning churches, killing people, killing a small child, just 10 years old. it is not only the christians. everybody who receives this message of terror from the muslim brotherhood and all the islamic current parties. >> as jesse's family and friends mourned her loss, they hope and pray the current violence will end soon. and that the darkness of sectarian strife will be lifted. bbc news, cairo. it is prom season here in the
uk. the summer classical music festival at london's royal halted this year, the world- famous violinist nigel kennedy is accompanied by a youth orchestra from the palestinian territories. we met the group at one of the rehearsals. ♪ is known toerpiece millions around the world. here, it has been given a very different tone. ♪ it has been transformed into a musical dialogue between east and west. ♪ >> they are bringing a fresh perspective on western classical music. at the same time, still having
contact with the roots of their music from their forefathers, which is so wonderful to hear people plain arabic music. i'm giving space for some of the kids to play there on the zip as well as the class -- their own music to show what a beautiful soul these cats have. they are phenomenal. >> pakistani musical students have spent days in london preparing for the opportunity of a lifetime to perform in the bbc prom. the most respected classical music festival in the world. nigel kennedy is one of the most recognized and acclaimed musicians here in britain. his aim is to give a platform to these young and promising musicians from the palestinian territories. ♪ this is the first time the palestinians orchestra will perform in front of an audience the side, not to mention the millions watching at home and online. >> to participate in the proms is an amazing experience.
it gives palestine a boost. , we aree so many people not what they think we are good >> it is an opportunity for all people. us.s the connection between it helps them to see what is happening in palestine and the music we play. >> this orchestra was formed two years ago, and has been praised for its celebration of palestinian culture. >> we are really bringing something very positive for palestine. this is palestine. these are young palestinians. we've got something great to show and share with you. ♪ nigel kennedy's unique ambition is opening up new doors from these young palestinian musicians and breathing fresh life into this classic. bbc news.
♪ >> coming up in the next half- hour on gmt, traditional indian food is full of vegetables, lentils, and grains, recipes passed down from generations. not what you would typically described as a high-fat diet. we are asking them, why are health professionals worried about obesity in india? we will be talking to a documentary maker who has been to the country and has found out that there are some children who are bigger than they should be. stay with us. >> make sense of international -- att abc.com
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let's get started with the headlines. workers at the fukushima daiichi nuclear plant have been exposed to dangerous amounts of radiation, likely by something meant to keep them cool. people across the northern hemisphere are suffering through the heat and problems arising because of it. a young south korean visits hiroshima to learn about the atomic bombing and ends up meeting a japanese survivor who becomes an inspiration. workers at the crippled fukushima daiichi nuclear power have a new problem to deal with. managers say ten employees were exposed to dangerous amounts of radiation. they say a machine that sprays a cooling mist was likely to blame. the workers went through radiation checks on monday as they were leaving the compound. the readings were five times the safety limits set by the plant's operator tokyo electric power company. the radiation was highest around their faces, but tepco officials
say the workers are showing no symptoms of radiation poisoning. they think they were exposed near the control room. a machine there was spraying mist to help prevent heat stroke. managers say the same water is used for toilets in other facilities. it's taken from a dam ten kilometers from the plant. the workers are still trying to stop the flow of contaminated groundwater from the plant. a government estimate says 300 tons of water is reaching the pacific ocean every day. managers have outlined a plan to try to stop the leakage. the managers went over a plan with a panel from the nuclear regulation authority and workers have already built an underground wall to stop tainted groundwater from reaching the ocean, but water levels keep rising. the workers will soon start pumping out 60 tons of groundwater per day from between reactors one and two. starting next month they will pump out an additional 80 tons a day.
groundwater levels fluctuate with rainfall so regulators order managers to increase the monitoring of the site, and the regulators fear the upcoming current typhoon season could make the problem even worse. firefighters in morocco and portugal have their work cut out for them. they're fighting wildfires sparked by soaring temperatures, but strong winds are making it difficult for them to bring the flames under control. residents of amskroud in southwestern morocco saw a forest fire flare up on saturday night. winds fanned the flames. by sunday, the fire had grown to the size of hundreds of sports fields. residents in portugal have seen wildfires spread around their community over the past two days. the fires are burning through the mountainous region and fire fighters are struggling to bring in enough water to fight the flames. residents of tokyo and